109 There is a political agreement on this issue within the European Commission, MEMO/13/621 (n 96); For the old proposed regulation, see European Commission, COM (2011) 625, Art 29-33. It is significant that this “greening” is considered “beyond conditionality”: ibid., explanatory statement, 7-8. The reform of the 2003 CAP, which decoupled most of the existing direct aid, and the sectoral reforms that followed led to the deferral of most aid under the amber box and the blue box to the green box (61.6 billion euros in 2016/2017, see table below). Aid under the “amber box” (AMS) has fallen sharply, from EUR 81 billion at the beginning of the period of the agreement to EUR 6.9 billion between 2016 and 2017, even with successive waves of expansion. The European Union thus largely respects the commitments made in Marrakech (72.38 billion euros per year) for the AMS. In addition, the “blue box” reached 4.6 billion euros during the same notification period. Export subsidies are the third pillar. The 1995 agricultural agreement required industrialized countries to reduce export subsidies by at least 36% (in value terms) or by 21% (by volume) over a six-year value. For developing countries, the agreement called for reductions of 24% (in value) and 14% (in volume) over ten years.
The CAP is also affected by land concessions granted to several multilateral and bilateral agreements under several multilateral and bilateral agreements, as well as unilateral exemptions granted under the Generalized Preference System (GSP). These preferential agreements explain the high level of EU agricultural imports from developing countries (3.2.10, Table VI). 96 European Commission, COM (2011) 627, preamble (37) and art. 5. You will find another political agreement on these reforms in the European Commission, MEMO/13/621, “CAP Reform – A Statement of the Main Elements,” Brussels, 26 June 2013. 131, Hong Kong Ministerial Declaration (WT/MIN (05)/DEC), 22 December 2005, para. 6. However, an agreement in Hong Kong did not rule out continuing negotiations on details (for example. B, Value and Volume Commitments): see p.B. “Paper Challenge” of April 30, 2007 point 55, accessed May 7, 2013.