Archive | Uncommon fruit



One of the earliest known fruits, quince is a pome fruit related to apples and pears. It is native to the Trans Caucasus area. For more than 4,000 years, quince trees have been grown in Asia and the Mediterranean. Today it is still widely grown in other parts of the world, especially the Middle East, […]



Pawpaw is the largest native North American fruit. Its current range is south of New England, north of Florida and as far west as Nebraska. It is a small, pyramidal tree with long, drooping, tropical-looking leaves. Pawpaw is probably too soft and perishable as a fresh fruit for the conventional food chain, but might work […]

Chinese Dogwood

Not only is Chinese dogwood a beautiful ornamental shrub, but it is also said to produce an edible, sweet, delicious fruit. Carandale found little information about the uses and nutritional value of the fruit, but decided to observe it in their test plot.


American Elderberry

Also known as the Common Elder, American Elderberry is native to the central and eastern U.S. and southeastern Canada. All parts of the plant (roots, leaves, stems, flowers and fruit) have been used in a variety of ways. Roots, leaves and stems are poisonous but have historically been used for medicinal purposes. Extracts from leaves […]


European Elderberry

The European version of the American elderberry , this plant is native to Europe and has all the characteristics and uses of its native American cousin. The fruit is slightly larger and darker. Although not well known in the U.S., there is another subspecies native to Europe (S. nigra alba) that is said to have […]



Mulberry is like blackberry harvested from a tree, but sweeter, without thorns and with a little less flavor. The naturalized white mulberry is adapted to cooler regions of the temperate zone (at least to Zone 4). The fruit may lack the sweet-tart blend that gives black mulberry superior flavor, but it is an acceptable alternative.



Blackberry is a well-known fruit that is overlooked and under-used as a commercial crop in northern temperate regions. It is a widely adapted group of more than 375 species, many of which are closely related apomictic micro-species native throughout the temperate northern hemisphere and South America. Blackberry tolerates poor soils, colonizing wasteland, ditches and vacant […]


Gogi (Wolfberry)

Gogi has been a mainstay for a healthy diet in Asia for thousands of years, but virtually unknown in North American until the start of the 21st century. It could become a valuable addition to the American diet as well as an economically significant cash crop for growers, but there is much to learn about […]


Asian Pear

Asian pears have been cultivated for more than 2,000 years in China, where more than 3,000 cultivars are currently grown. They have also been grown in Japan since at least the 8th century. Asian pears have been in America for about 200 years,Tree-ripened, locally grown fruit could command premiums in a local/regional marketing system with […]


European Pear

The European pear (P. communis), is native to central and eastern Europe and southwest Asia. Far from uncommon, it is one of the most important fruits of temperate regions. It has been included in the Carandale test plot as a pollinator species for the Asian pear, and to evaluate variability within the species.