Archive | Prunus


European Plum

European plum is the best known of cultivated plums, having been grown the longest and widely distributed. Their sweetness and tartness may vary as well as their colors. Most are self-fertile and do not require cross-pollination but may benefit from it. European plum is longer lived than Japanese plum (and its hybrids), but it starts […]


American Plum: native seedlings

American plum is native to North America and spans six hardiness zones (3-8) and grows in most soils with a pH level between 5.5-7.5. It is moderately drought tolerant. All the fruit is some shade of red when fully ripe, and most drop on the ground when ripe. Fruit quality and fruitfulness are highly variable, […]


Cherry Plum

The term “cherry plum” as used in this website refers to cherry and plum hybrid crosses. Two cultivars were established in the test plot in 2004. ‘Compass’ is later blooming than most cultivars in need of cross-pollination, which may reduce its effectiveness as a pollinizer for many cultivars. It is a very upright tree and […]


Manchurian Plum: non-native seedling

Manchurian plum is native to Eastern Asia. It is said to be hardy and vigorous. It does not have a typical tree form. The very long thorns on the older branches are probably typical. New growth from the previous year has no thorns. It had a growth surge in the 2011 growing season. This growth […]


Japanese-American Hybrid Plums

Many Japanese-American hybrid plums have been introduced over the last 150 years. The best of them have the fruit quality (size, flavor, sweetness) of the Japanese parent and the hardiness and disease resistance of the American parent. Preliminary results from the plum cultivar trials illustrate the broad range of characteristics and marketing potential of this […]



Apricot is another Prunus species with a short chilling requirement and early bloom period that make it site sensitive and limit its adaptability for commercial production. It is being incidentally observed in the Carandale test plot. Observation has been limited by misidentification and inaccessibility to cold hardy cultivars.

Tlor-Tsiran Black Apricot

This is a selection of a naturally occurring hybrid of apricot (P. armeniaca) and Myroblan Plum (P. cerasifera) from central Asia. The trees had incredible vegetative growth at Carandale, but they bloomed sparingly and never set fruit, even with cross pollination available from the adjacent plum trial.They were removed from the test plot in 2008.